While "art walks" and "open studios" are now prevalent in many major cities, this method for artists to bring their work to the public was not common in years past. In 1968, ten established visual artists: Bernard Abteker, Richard Beringer, Hans Von DeBovenkamp, Bill Creston, Charles Ginever, Leon Golub, Roger Jorgensen, Steve Montgomery, Julius Tobias and Robert Wiegand, challenged the gallery system and launched loft dwelling and the downtown art scene by opening their lofts to the public, in Ten Downtown.
...more and more artists are looking upon the gallery world as something outmoded and stultifying. They feel that the rigid confines of an art gallery remove a vital link between the spectator and the artist."
-John Gruen, NY Magazine, April 1968